An allergy is a condition occurring due to the hypersensitive reaction of the body’s immune response to any foreign substance. Many patients suffering from allergy have a family history of the same. Allergy can occur due to any substance to which the body is hypersensitive. The common substances causing allergy are dust, preservatives, artificial colors used in food items, fur of animals, medications and strong perfumes.
Allergies manifest mostly as skin and respiratory complaints. The skin symptoms of allergy are rashes or tiny eruptions on the skin, and itching or redness of the skin. The respiratory symptoms of allergy are a running nose, breathlessness, dry cough and irritation in the throat. It is important to find the substance causing the allergy in each patient. Avoiding these substances can help in preventing the symptoms of allergy. Some people suffer from allergy due to more than 1 allergen. The top 5 allergy medicines given below can help in relieving the symptoms of allergy.
Claritin Generic: this drug is indicated for the management of respiratory and non-respiratory symptoms of allergy. Seasonal allergic rhinitis can be relieved efficiently with the help of this medicine. The main ingredient of Claritin Generic is Loratadine. Patients above the age of 2 years can be benefited by using this medicine for the management of chronic idiopathic urticaria, causing rash and eruptions on the skin. Severe itching of the skin can be relieved quickly by using this drug. Adult patients should take this drug in a dose of 1 tablet of 10 mg, once daily.
Zyrtec Generic: this is another very effective medicine for the treatment of allergy. The main ingredient of this drug is Cetrizine Dihydrochloride. It belongs to a group of medications called antihistaminic agents. Zyrtec Generic helps in reducing histamines that are naturally produced in the body as a result of allergic response. Histamine is responsible for producing symptoms like itching, sneezing and a running nose. By blocking the histamines, Zyrtec Generic helps in relieving these symptoms of allergy. Seasonal and perennial allergies can be managed well by using this medicine.
Benadryl: this drug can temporarily relieve the symptoms caused by hay fever and upper respiratory tract allergies. The active ingredient of this drug is Diphenhydramine. A running nose, itching of the skin, nose and throat, and sneezing can be reduced effectively with the help of this drug. Adult patients can take this medicine in a dose of 50 mg tablets. Younger patients should take this drug in a dose of 12.5 to 25 mg tablets.
Chlor-Trimeton: this medicine provides temporary relief from itchy eyes, sneezing, running nose and watering of the eyes, occurring due to allergies in the upper respiratory tract and hay fever. Patients should take this medicine in a dose of 1 tablet, once in every 4-6 hours. Patients should not take more than 6 tablets of this medicine in a day.
Cortaid: it is a topical corticosteroid that gives very good relief from the inflammatory manifestations of allergy. It can also be used for reducing the pruritic symptoms caused by allergies. This cream gives fast results in relieving the symptoms of allergic conditions. Corticosteroid-responsive dermatoses can also be treated well by using this medication. Patients should apply Cortaid cream on the affected part 2 to 4 times in a day.
Proper use of these medications can help patients in getting effective relief from their allergies.